Maulana Abu al Kalam Azad was an extraordinary talented person. He had perfections of journalism in his instinct. He was only thirteen years old when he became the editor of ‘AIMisbah’. When this was closed he issued ‘Lissan-al-Sidiq’ which was being published up to 1904. He was editor of ‘Wakil-i- Amritsar’ for a few months. Maulana issued Al-Hilal in 1912 from Calcutta.
It was the protagonist of freedom of thought. It had a unique style. Its heroic deeds are unforgetable and had become the part of history. It was devouted to Muslim cause. Due to undaunted attitude and hatred towards alien rulers, Al-Hilal was asked to deposit security of two thousands which was deposited.
Maulana issued another magazine which was called as ‘Al-Balagh’ but it was devoted to religious discussions and not politics. Al-Hilal was banned in 1918 as a penality for writing against the massacre of Turkish Muslims and the attrocities of the British. It was re-issued in 1927.
AI Hilal was full of Geographical, historical, scientific, moral and literary writings. Shibli and Akbar AIlah Abadi were the favourite poets of the, paper. The writings and style of Maulana was chaste and full of taste. It is memorable and even today the scholar;, linguists and ten persons having literary taste read them with avidity.
It was issued by Maulana Ghulam Rasool Mehr and Abdul Majeed Salak in 1927. It was never a revolutionary paper. It was successful soon to get patronage of government. Inqlab favoured Khizer’s government during Pakistan movement.
Siyasut: It was issued by Syed Habib in 1919 from Lahore. Syed Habib practically took past in national movements. He was very close to Maulana Johar. So, Siyasat was true representative of Muslims. Ehsan: It was issued in 1934 by Malik Noor Ilahi from Lahore.
AIlama Iqbal was one of the columnist of this paper. Propagating the cause of Khatam-i-Nubuwwat movement and favouring Attallah Shah Bukhari mnde it popular amongst the Muslim masses.
Charagh Hasan Hasrat wrote column of “Muttalbat” for it by the nick name of “Sanad Bad Jehazi” which became very popular. It was the first paper in South Asia which set a tele printer in its office.
Journalism In Pakistan
Nawai- Waqat: It was issued by Hameed Nizami in 1940. In the begining it was a fortnightly. Hameed Nizami used to comment on current issues through this paper. He was at his best in exposing Hindu designs.
Upto the end of 1942, Nawai-Waqat became weekly. Its size and number of the pages were also increased. In 1944, it was changed from weekly to daily. Nawa-i-Waqat could be proud of being the fIrst newspaper appointing regular reporters and representatives in the country and abroad.
It presented the best standard of journalism and from the very beginning it was established on sound foundations. The serene and balanced editorials of the paper made it popular amongst.the masses. It started editing letters which were admired much. So, it was before 1947 that the paper had become fullfledged. Nawa-i-Waqat was a propagator of the idea of Pakistan and it acted as an herald in the struggle for Pakistan.
Therefore, it becaine an heartbeat for those who were striving to achieve Pakistan. This was another reason of its popularity. After 1947, Nawai-Waqat became more popular for its courage and dare. It always raised voice against tyranny and oppression and tried to expose the inabilities and incompetency of the rulers.
However, the newspaper maintained the tradition of positive criticism. Due to its just observations, fearlessness and its criticism’ upon governments, it was always called as the protagonist of ‘opposition’. However, it never bid farewell to objectivity.
Pakistan Times: It was issued from Lahore in Feb., 1947. Quaid-i-Azam is told as its founder. Its first editor was an Englishman, Dismand Young. It was just before the creation of Pakistan. The people in Punjab were protesting against the government.
The purpose behind the publishing the paper was to protect the rights of Muslims in Punjab. Initially, it was owned by Mian Iftikhar-ud-Din but in 1959 it was taken over by Martial Law administration.
At that time its editor was Mazhar Ali Khan When it was freed from the jaws of the government, Z.A. Sulehri, assumed its editorship. Now-a-days it is again under National Press Trost.
Imroze: It was issued by Progressive Papers Limited under the editorship of Maulana Charagh Hasan Hasrat. In get up and make-up, it gave new directions to journalism.
During the days of Hasan Hasrat its circulation was limited. When he resigned, Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi assumed the editorship.
During the days of Khatam-i-Nabuwat movement when ‘Zamindar’ was banned it became the protagonist of the Muslims’ feelings. But
soon Progressive Papers was grabbed by the government and Qasmi resigned from the editorship.
It is being issued from Lahore and Multan simultaneously. Once it was issued from Karachi also, but its Karachi edition was discontinued in 1962.
It was the first paper which made the use of photographs and headlines in a new style. There was use of photographs before Imroze, but Imroze used it to impart and magnify the news.
Imroze was the first paper which was printed on offset. In the beginning, Imroze was the best paper as far as its make up and layout was concerned. Now, there are so many others who have
.A an upperhand but this was originator. Nowadays it is closed. Kohiston:
It was issued from Rawalpindi in 1953. In 1956, it was issued from Lahore also. Naseem Hijazi was its editor. Kohistan developed popular journalism. Gradually; this style was initiated by most of the papers.
Before publishing Mashriq, Inaitullah was attached with this paper. He introduced many novelties. He established ‘Art-Section’. Incharge of ‘Art Section’ was called as ‘Make up Editor’. He initiated offset printing in Kohistan.
He issued ‘Sunday Edition’ and “Ishaat-e- MiIli” which was Friday additional edition. He visited London and there observed new techniques of the papers. Returning home he modernized the paper and henceforth its layout became more attractive.
Due to his activities Kohistan had a mass publication. At last the prosperity of the paper came to end. Differences emerged amongst the workers and Inaitullah left the paper along with his companions. Another blow was in the shape of ban in 1963 for two months.
Now the paper started facing economic difficulties. It was sold at the hand of ruling Muslim League, After three years when Convention Muslim League was breathing its last, the paper was bought by Ashraf Tahir, a leader of Jamaat Islami.
Again there were conflicts among the workers and Ashraf left the paper. After a few months it was closed. Mashriq: It was issued in 1963 from Lahore.
Its founder was Inaitullah. Due to his personal expereince and abilities the paper became popular very soon. Within a year it was able to increase its circulation upto 43000. On 1st Sep. 1964, it was grabbed by NPr. Its layout was excellent.
It made the maximum use of photographs and gave Jhe names in the caption of group photos. It adopted an improved styIe of headlines. It published 8 variety of news including labourers, farmers; womens, traders, professionals, and about literature and supports. Mashriq was the first paper which specified a full page for international news.
A weekly additional edition was issued known as ‘Sunday Mashriq’. During, Indo-Pak war of 1965, Mashriq started reader service. In this way it helped thousands of poor girls by collecting money, for their dowry. Appeals were published to persuade the public to help hospitals.
The daily Mashriq is nowadays issued from Peshawar, Quetta, Karachi and Lahore. Dawn: Originally it was issued as weekly from Delhi.
In 1942 it became daily. It was owned by a trust. Muhammad AU Jinnah was the Managing Trusty. Its first editor was Pothan Joseph. In 1945, Altaf Hussain was appointed as editor.
When Civil Disobedience movement was started against the Punjab Government, Dawn was the only paper which was giving news independently and was criticizing Khizer Ministry because censorship was clamped on the papers in Punjab.
In 1947, its press was burnt by the Hindus and the office of Dawn was shifted from Delhi’to Karachi. It was closed for a short span and reissued in Aug. 1947 from Karachi. In Pakistan, it is being issued under
. Herald Publications. Dawn followed the style of London Times. So, in its make up and layout, it represents the British journalism. It is leftist in its views. However, it observes objectivity in giving news. Dawn Issues a weekly international edition.
The Dally Jang: It is an eminent Urdu newspaper ,in Pakistan. Originally, it was issued from Delhi in 1940. Initially, it was an evening newspaper but afterwards it was issued in the morning. It was shifted from Delhi to Karachi in August, 1947. .
Soon it gained popularity and maintained it throughout. Even now-a-days it is in full swing of popularity. It has the largest circulation in Pakistan. It issues its edition from Lahore, Rawalpindi, Quetta simultaneously.
It is issued from London also and this is its distinction amongst the papers. Jang is the fIrst Urdu paper which introduced computer printing in ‘Nastaaleeq’. Jang claims independent policy but actually it is not.
It follows those policies strictly which go in its favour economically. It is running on commercial bases. Some of the other prominent papers in Pakistan are; ‘Injam’ (Karachi), ‘Morning News’ (Karachi), ‘Evening Star’ (Karachi), ‘Huriyat’ (Karachi), ‘Jasarat’ (Karachi), ‘The Muslim’ . (Islamabad), ‘Awam’, ‘Wifaq’, ‘Khaiber Mail’, ‘Inqlab’, ‘Frontier Post’, ‘Wahdat’ and ‘Pakistan’.